top of page

The Science Behind Acupuncture for Arthritis Treatment


Arthritis is a debilitating condition that affects millions of people around the world. While there are various pharmaceutical treatments available, many patients are turning to alternative therapies, like acupuncture, for relief. But what does science have to say about this ancient Chinese practice? In this blog post, we will delve into the biological mechanisms behind acupuncture and its efficacy in treating arthritis symptoms.

What is Acupuncture?

Acupuncture is a form of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) that has been practiced for thousands of years. It involves the insertion of ultra-thin needles into specific points on the body, known as acupoints. According to TCM theory, this helps balance the flow of Qi (energy) through pathways known as meridians. However, modern science explains its effects through interactions with the nervous system, endocrine system, and local cellular environments.

The Biology of Pain and Inflammation

To understand how acupuncture treats arthritis, it's essential to understand what happens at the biological level during this condition. Arthritis primarily involves inflammation of the joints, leading to pain, swelling, and reduced mobility. Inflammatory chemicals like prostaglandins and cytokines are released, sensitizing nerve endings and causing pain. This is where acupuncture comes into play.

Mechanism of Action: How Does Acupuncture Work?

Neurotransmitter Regulation

One of the most well-studied mechanisms behind acupuncture's efficacy is its ability to release endorphins, the body's natural painkillers. The needle insertion stimulates nerve fibers, which then signal the brain to release these endorphins, providing natural pain relief.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects

Studies have also shown that acupuncture can regulate the body's inflammatory response. The stimulation from the needles appears to inhibit the release of pro-inflammatory markers and promotes the release of vasodilators like nitric oxide, reducing inflammation in the targeted areas.

Immune System Modulation

Furthermore, acupuncture has been shown to modulate the immune system by affecting various immune cells like macrophages, neutrophils, and T cells. This is especially relevant for autoimmune types of arthritis, where the immune system attacks the joints.

Hormonal Balance

Acupuncture has also been noted to regulate cortisol levels, the body's stress hormone, which plays a role in inflammation. By controlling cortisol, acupuncture can indirectly mitigate inflammation and, thus, symptoms of arthritis.

Clinical Studies on Acupuncture and Arthritis

Several clinical studies validate acupuncture's effectiveness in treating arthritis. For example, a meta-analysis published in the journal 'Pain Medicine' demonstrated that acupuncture was effective in reducing pain in osteoarthritis patients compared to control groups. Another study in the 'Journal of Clinical Rheumatology' found similar pain-relief effects for rheumatoid arthritis patients.


While acupuncture is not a cure for arthritis, its ability to regulate neurotransmitters, control inflammation, modulate the immune system, and balance hormones makes it a valuable adjunct treatment for arthritis patients. As always, it's crucial to consult healthcare professionals for a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to your condition.

For more information or to schedule an appointment, visit [The Point Acupuncture Clinic]( or call us at 980-220-0269.

5 views0 comments


bottom of page